German immigration brought with it the need for beer. Fortunately, the West End—with its extensive sandstone cave networks and spring water—was ideal for establishing breweries. The Schmidt Brewery was the largest and longest operating brewery and remains the most valued historic resource in the West End. The names Banholzer, Brueggemann, Emmert, Schmidt, Stahlman and Yoerg represent brewing activity in the West End for over 100 years. Meanwhile, the art of brewing continues in the neighborhood with Summit (1989), Vine Park (1995), and Flat Earth (2008) brewing companies.